There are many in the world of education (not to forget the corporate powerhouses in the technology industry) who believe that the world was re-created on 1st January 2000 but it is necessary for educators to recognize that there is not a single story and to think critically about the place of technology in our schools. Tom Bennett, the recently appointed advisor to the UK government on issues relating to behaviour in schools, has pointed out that schools have been “dazzled” by computers. This would seem to be true of the international sector with schools scrambling to introduce one-to-one programs and the growing influence of Google, Apple and Microsoft. This is particularly worrying in the light of Andreas Schleicher, the OECD’s education director, reporting that” Those students who use tablets and computers very often tend to do worse than those who use them moderately.”
Technology has become part of life and schools have little choice but to embrace modern technology but essentially it must be ensured that technology serves the needs of students and is utilized as a tool that enhances learning. Used appropriately technology can be integrated into a curriculum in ways that serve the needs of students but the tools of technology should never be seen as a means to an end in themselves. Used appropriately educational technology can enhance learning but on the other hand the recent OECD report “Making the Connection” has concluded that “on average, in the past 10 years there has been no appreciable improvement in student achievement in reading, mathematics or science in the countries that have invested heavily in information and communication technologies for education.” This is the case in many well funded international schools and highlights the urgent need for schools in the sector to review their utilization of educational technology.
I have tweeted flippantly in the past that the greatest five technological advances for education were the printing press, the mini whiteboard, TV and radio, the photocopier and overhead projectors. It’s not that 21st-century technology should be dismissed but the fact that technology must be seen as part of the bigger picture. Ipads, Chromebooks and BYOD all have a place in our schools but must be utilized in a manner that enhances learning. The hyperbole about children being “digital natives” does nothing to promote intelligent debate unfortunately as it makes an unsubstantiated assumption that children are technology savvy because they have grown up with access to electronic devices.
The tools of technology can be used in our classrooms to complement the overall learning experience of our children. The danger arises when the tools are technology are seen as ends in themselves which unfortunately is too often the case. Thus our schools need to ensure that students have limited screen-time, that technology is only integrated into the learning process when there is evidence that it enhances learning and that it is used in conjunction with a myriad of other appropriate pedagogical practices.
Another oft-discussed issue related to the overuse of technology is that it can inevitably reduce human interaction and diminishes human relationships. This is true but used appropriately, technology also brings with it methods of human communication that can bring students from across the world into the same virtual classroom. I concede that these experiences are never the same as genuine personal interactions but the fact that children in the U.S. and France can interact with one another in real time provides a genuine opportunity for children in different countries and from different cultures (and sometimes religions) and traditions to learn together and share their ideas about the world. Furthermore, the technological revolution is not just affecting the economically developed world but is also transforming communications globally. It is now possible for American children to interact with children in Peru and French children with their counterparts in Cote d’Ivoire. This enables International Schools to communicate and interact with one another frequently, often in real time, and can make the world a much smaller place.
The problem with universal access to technology is the fact that it provides almost unrestricted access to information. Much of this information is fantastic and can give a real boost to the learning experience. The danger exists where there is misinformation, inaccuracies and worst of all information that might promote prejudice, discrimination, hatred and violence. To an extent, one might extend the same argument to any medium of the written word but the key difference is the open access that the internet potentially provides. Once more the argument boils down to the appropriate use of technology and information.
Interacting with others is at the heart of our human experience and this must be something that international schools must be conscious of and promote continuously. Technology has the potential to enhance aspects of our human experience but must be used with the utmost care and with great responsibility in schools so that it enhances learning without ever undermining our humanity. And if the tool doesn’t enhance learning then it has no place in a classroom regardless of which century we are living in!